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Passionate about astronomy, the time is yours. Breathtaking astronomical events take place in August – from meteor showers to approaching planets. Check out the full list of all phenomena of the month.
August 12 – Super Moon
The last Super Moon of the year occurs on August 12. On that day, the satellite will be at its closest point to Earth, known as perigee, creating the sensation that the Moon is 15% larger and 30% brighter.
The Full Moon in August has several other names, such as “Lua do Estrjão”, “Lua do Milho Verde”, and “Grain Moon”. All names were given by Native American tribes and refer to the fishing and harvesting prosperity of the time.
August 12 and 13 – Perseid meteor shower
The Perseid meteor shower occurs every year between July 17 and August 24. This year, its peak will be at the turn of August 12-13. About 60 meteors are expected per hour during the peak of the event, but it will be difficult to observe them due to the presence of the full moon, which will dwarf the spectacle in its brightness.
The phenomenon is the result of debris left behind by comet Swift-Tuttle, discovered in 1862. Shooting stars, as meteors are also called, radiate from the constellation Perseus, although they can appear anywhere in the sky .
Despite the intrusion of our natural satellite, it is worth making the effort to observe the meteor shower. Look for an open field without light pollution after midnight. Avoid using a telescope or binoculars, which can limit the field of view. So wait for the brightest meteors to appear in the sky.
August 14 – Saturn in opposition
Prepare the cameras. On August 14, Saturn will be at its closest point to Earth, with its face fully illuminated by the Sun. The planet and its moons will be brighter than ever, visible all night.
A medium-sized or larger telescope should help with observation, as well as being able to see Saturn’s famous rings. If you don’t have the equipment yet, check here how to choose the best one and ensure a good purchase.
August 27 – New Moon
The New Moon represents the period when the Moon is hidden in the sky. Despite this, this is the best time of the month to observe galaxies and star clusters, as there is no interference from the brightness of the satellite. For that reason, it’s worth watching on August 27.
August 27 – Mercury at greatest eastern elongation
Another planet in sight. On August 27, Mercury, which is always close to the Sun, will be at its furthest point from the Astro King. As a result, it will be easier to see it in the sky on this date.
Look for the bright spot in the lower part of the sky just after sunset. There will be the planet.
O Gizmodo Brazil prepared a calendar with all the astronomical events expected for 2022. Check here.