The main differences according to doctors

During the rainy season, the incidence of smallpox increases dramatically.

New Delhi:

Rash and fever, common symptoms of chickenpox and chickenpox, have confused people, although doctors have pointed out that there is a difference in how symptoms of the two viral illnesses present in people. the patients.

They also advised you to consult a doctor with any questions.

Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral disease (a virus transmitted to humans from animals) with symptoms similar to those seen in the past in smallpox patients, although clinically less severe.

Dr. Ramanjit Singh, Consultant Dermatologist at Medanta Hospital, said that during the rainy season, people are more susceptible to viral infections and cases of chickenpox occur largely during this time, along with other infections. who also have symptoms such as rashes and nausea.

“Because of this situation, some patients become confused and misinterpret chickenpox with chickenpox. A patient can determine whether or not they have chickenpox by understanding the sequence and onset of symptoms,” said Dr. Ramanjit Singh.

He further explained that smallpox usually begins with fever, malaise, headache, sore throat and sometimes cough, and swollen lymph nodes (enlarged lymph nodes), and all of these symptoms appear four days before skin lesions, rashes and other problems that mainly start from the hand Eyes are spread all over the body.

Other experts agree and say that in addition to the skin infection, there are also other symptoms in the case of smallpox, but it is always best to consult a doctor with any questions.

In two recently reported cases, two suspected cases of chickenpox turned out to be chickenpox.

A suspected case of chickenpox was admitted to Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan (LNJP) Hospital in Delhi last week with fever and lesions, she tested negative for the infection but was diagnosed with chickenpox. Similarly, an Ethiopian national, who had traveled to Bangalore, was tested for chickenpox after showing symptoms, but his report confirmed he had chickenpox.

India has so far reported four cases of monkeypox – three from Kerala and one from Delhi. Dr. Satish Kaul, director of internal medicine at Fortis Memorial Research Institute, said: “In chickenpox, the lesions are larger than chickenpox. In chickenpox, lesions appear on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. In chickenpox, the lesions go away on their own after seven to eight days. But not in chickenpox. The lesions are vesicular and itchy in chickenpox. In chickenpox, the lesions are extensive and do not itch. Dr. Satish Kaul also said that the duration of fever is longer in smallpox and such a patient has enlarged lymph nodes.

Detailing on the virus that causes chickenpox, Dr. SCL Gupta, Medical Director of Batra Hospital, said that chickenpox is a ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus that is not serious but also leads to rashes cutaneous. “It’s chicken pox season. Usually during the monsoon there is this humidity, the high temperature, the water washing, the formation of dampness and wet clothes, all of which leads to the growth of the virus.

He said: “There is a religious aspect associated with the disease. People treat her like “gods” and therefore these patients are not treated with any type of medicine. They are isolated and have time to heal.

Talking about smallpox, Dr. SCL Gupta explained that this virus requires an animal host but is self-healing with sore throat, fever and normal signs of the virus.

“The main sign of this virus is a rash that contains fluid on the body, which leads to a virus infection that weakens the resistance of the body, but problems arise due to its complications. to bubbles. This leads to more complications in the body.Monkeypox is currently in its juvenile stage.We do not have the appropriate treatment.We just follow the method of isolating and treating the suspected patient according to their symptoms.In case of sore throat, we use the generics that we usually take, so this is a case of symptomatic treatment.

Doctors were also asked if a previous chickenpox infection immunized a patient against chickenpox, to which the answer was definitely no.

Both are caused by different viruses, the mode of transmission is different and the previous infection does not guarantee any protection against the new virus, said Dr. Rajinder Kumar Singhal, senior director and head of the department of internal medicine at the BLK Max Hospital in New Delhi. . He pointed out that those who received the smallpox vaccine were less likely to contract smallpox.

“The smallpox vaccine was discontinued after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the disease had been completely eradicated around 1979-80. People born before 1980 who were vaccinated against smallpox are less likely Smallpox and smallpox are both caused by viruses from the same family.

Due to this similarity between smallpox and monkeypox, many countries have allowed the administration of smallpox vaccines, but in India, it is still not allowed. “The virus is in the juvenile stage and doctors are still detecting it,” added Dr. SCL Gupta.

(Except for the title, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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