Main differences according to doctors

During the rainy season, the incidence of smallpox is high.

New Delhi:

The common symptoms of monkey rash and fever and chickenpox have caused confusion among the public, although doctors have pointed out that the symptoms of the two viral illnesses differ in how they manifest in patients.

They advised to consult a doctor to clarify doubts.

Monkeypox is a viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted from animals to humans) which, although clinically less severe, has symptoms similar to those seen in patients with smallpox in the past.

During monsoons, people are more prone to viral infections, and during this period cases of chickenpox are often seen along with other infections, which also show symptoms such as rashes and nausea, Ramanjit Singh said, dermatology consultant at Medanta Hospital. .

“Because of this situation, some patients become confused and misunderstand varicella and varicella. A patient can determine whether or not they have chickenpox by understanding the sequence and onset of symptoms,” said Dr. Ramanjit Singh.

To explain further, monkey pox often begins with fever, malaise, headache, sometimes sore throat and cough, and lymphadenopathy (lymph nodes), which appear four days before the skin lesions, skin rashes and other problems. . Spread over eyes and body.

Other experts agree, and in addition to skin involvement, there are other symptoms with smallpox, but it’s always best to consult a doctor with any questions.

In some recently reported cases, two suspected cases of simian flu turned out to be chickenpox.

A chickenpox suspect, who was admitted to Lok Naik Jai Prakash Narayan (LNJP) Hospital in Delhi last week with fever and injuries, tested negative for the infection but was diagnosed with chickenpox . Similarly, an Ethiopian citizen who traveled to Bengaluru was tested for monicypox but was confirmed to have smallpox.

India has so far reported four cases of the simian flu – three from Kerala and one from Delhi. Doctor. Satish Koul, director of internal medicine at the Fortis Memorial Research Institute, says: “In monkey fever, the lesions are larger than in smallpox. In monkey fever, the lesions appear on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Days, but not in smallpox. Lesions are vesicular and itchy in chikungunya.Dr. Satish Kaul said that in monkey fever, the duration of fever is longer and the lymph nodes are enlarged in such a patient.

Elaborating on the virus that causes chickenpox, SCL Gupta, Medical Director of Batra Hospital, said that chickenpox is a ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus, which is not as serious but can lead to rashes. “It’s chicken pox season. Generally, during the rainy season, there is humidity, temperature rise, waterlogging, dampness and wet clothes, which leads to the growth of the virus.

“Furthermore, there is a religious aspect associated with this disease. People regard her as a “deity”, so these patients are not treated with any medicine. They are isolated and have time to recover,” he said.

Talking about monkeypox, Dr. SCL Gupta explained that this virus requires an animal host but is self-limited with sore throat, fever and normal viral symptoms.

“The main symptom of this virus is rashes with fluids in the body. This leads to a viral infection, which weakens the body’s resistance. But complications arise from its complication. Any bacterial infection leads to pus and blisters. This causes more complications in the body. . “Now the monkeypox is in its juvenile stage. We don’t have the right treatment. We isolate the suspected patient and treat them according to their symptoms. If there is a throat infection, we use generic drugs that we usually take. So here is a case of symptomatic treatment,” he said.

Doctors have also been asked whether a previous chickenpox infection makes a patient immune to monicapox, and the answer is a definite no.

Rajinder Kumar Singhal, Senior Director and Head of Ward at BLK Max Hospital, New Delhi, said the two are caused by different viruses, the mode of transmission is different, and previous infection does not protect against infections. new viruses. But he pointed out that people who had received the smallpox vaccine were less likely to get simian flu.

“Vaccination against smallpox was discontinued after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the disease to have been completely eradicated in 1979-80. People born before 1980 who received the smallpox vaccine were less likely to get smallpox. Viruses from the same family,” added Dr. Rajinder Kumar Singhal.

Due to this similarity between smallpox and monkeypox, several countries have allowed the administration of smallpox vaccines, but not yet in India. “The virus is in its early stages and doctors are still figuring it out,” SCL Gupta added.

(Apart from the headline, this story was unedited by NDTV staff and was posted from a syndicated feed.)

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