With the advancement of smallpox cases caused by the Monkeypox virus, also known as monkeypox, it is important to be aware of the symptoms to seek medical attention if suspected.
Although mild, smallpox caused by Monkeypox is a communicable disease that requires treatment.
The disease can be transmitted from person to person through contact with respiratory secretions that are released by coughing or talking, for example, but for the virus to be transmitted in this way, people need to be very relatives.
Additionally, transmission can also occur through direct contact with secretions from blisters and wounds caused by the monkeypox virus, or through contact with contaminated objects. The presence of lesions in the genital area also increases the risk of transmission of monkeypox during sexual intercourse.
Transmission of this type of smallpox from animals to humans can also occur, being possible through the bite of infected rodents, consumption of undercooked meat from infected animals, and/or contact with secretions or blood from infected animals. .
Symptoms and how to identify them
The first phase of flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache and body aches, chills and exhaustion, can last an average of three days.
In the next phase, the skin lesions appear and evolve in five stages, called macula, papules, vesicles, pustules and finally scabs, the last stage when they fall off. It is their contact that causes the transmission of the virus to other people.
If this condition is accompanied by headache, onset of fever above 38.5°C, swollen lymph nodes, muscle and body aches, back pain and profound weakness, a PCR test is necessary to confirm or exclude the disease.
What to do if you have doubts
Anyone, regardless of age, who develops an acute, inexplicable rash is now considered a suspected case. If this happens, see a doctor.
If this condition is accompanied by one or more of the other symptoms (fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes and muscle pain), an examination is necessary to confirm or rule out the disease.
Cases considered “probable” include symptoms similar to those of suspected cases and having had close contact with people with the disease (suspected or confirmed cases), in particular: direct physical contact with the skin or with skin lesions, direct exposure to respiratory secretions, sexual contact or contact with contaminated material (such as clothing, towels, etc.) 21 days before the onset of symptoms.
How to protect yourself from disease
The main recommendation is to avoid close contact with people with common monkeypox lesions.
Currently, the transmission of the disease without a sexual history occurs mainly in a family context in which one of the residents is infected.
In this case, it is recommended that the infected person self-isolate. The objects she uses should not be shared and the clothes should be washed. Constant hygiene with 70% alcohol is also necessary, as is the use of masks.
Outside the home, other measures should also be taken, such as reducing attendance in crowded environments and maintaining physical distance from other people.
Sources: Ministry of Health/Butantan Institute/World Health Organization