Posted at 12:00 | August 01, 2022 | Writing
RN health department issues monkeypox warning notes
Notes are directed to possible case notifications and to guide
In view of the data and the growth of the disease across the country, the Coordination of Sanitary Surveillance (CVS) alerts on the risk of cases of Monkeypox (monkey pox) so that surveillance and monitoring measures for suspected cases with immediate notification, as well as quickly and effectively disseminating guidelines to respond to the public health event.
“Health surveillance is on alert for the growth of cases throughout the country and in the world. It is important to emphasize that at the appearance of any characteristic symptom of the disease, the population must seek a more basic unit close to his residence and guarantee the early and timely diagnosis so that we do not have outbreaks of the disease in the state of Rio Grande do Norte,” explains Kelly Lima, health surveillance coordinator at SESAP.
Transmitted from animals to humans, monkey pox (monkey pox) is a zoonosis that causes disease in humans. As of July 28, 2022, 21,125 confirmed cases of Monkeypox have been reported worldwide, distributed across 77 countries. In Brazil In Brazil, to date, 1,259 have been confirmed, 1,160 in the Southeast region, 33 in the South region, 44 in the Midwest region, 03 in the North region and 19 in the South region. Northeast and one death in the Southeast region, in Minas Gerais.
In Rio Grande do Norte, 21 cases have been reported, two (10%) confirmed, seven (33%) rejected, five (24%) under investigation, three (14%) without criteria and four (19%) suspects.
Transmission and symptoms
Transmission to humans can occur through contact with an infected animal or human, or with human body material containing the virus. Human-to-human transmission occurs primarily through large respiratory droplets. As the droplets cannot travel far, prolonged personal contact is required. The virus can also infect people through bodily fluids, that is, through contact with the lesion or through indirect contact with the material of the lesion.
The incubation period of monkeypox can vary from 5 to 21 days. The febrile phase of the illness usually lasts 1-3 days with symptoms including fever, severe headache, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), back pain, myalgia (muscle pain) and severe asthenia (lack of energy) .
The febrile phase is followed by the rash phase, which lasts 2 to 4 weeks. Lesions progress from macules (flat-based lesions) to papules (raised, firm, painful lesions).
The memo states that all suspected cases of monkeypox in RN should be reported immediately, within 24 hours, preferably in the “Notification Form with copy to State CIEVS, through the channels listed below, as it is is an immediately notifiable disease.
The guidance note for employers and workers in the hotel and motel network regarding the forms of transmission of Monkeypox, provides surveillance measures to protect the worker from possible contamination, such as handling objects and reinforcing hygiene protocols.