The 3 levels of EV charging distinguished and explained

Electric vehicles are now ubiquitous and you are probably considering buying one for yourself. If you’re looking for a new electric vehicle, you need to know everything about charging it.

So, discover all the differences between the main charge levels available, as well as the explanation of each.

Different EV chargers have different outputs, which will affect the time it takes to charge your car. Additionally, there are pros and cons to using each of the charging methods.

Level 1 EV Charging

Level 1 loading looks more complicated than it actually is. When purchasing your electric vehicle, it will include a charging adapter directly from the manufacturer. This adapter plugs into any conventional 120V outlet in your home. This means that, contrary to what many people think, You can charge your car from day one without any prior modification to your electrical system.

The only major downside to Tier 1 loading is speed - or lack thereof. Loading level 1 will help you recovering approximately 80km of autonomy per hour of charge. This will allow you to gain about 80 km of range per hour of driving when you wake up the next day. 80km range is more than enough for an average commute. The advantage of Level 1 charging is that it will charge your vehicle slowly and you won't have to worry about battery degradation from constantly high states of charge.

Level 2 EV Charging

If you want your home EV ready with a Level 2 charger, you will need to hire a professional for the installation process. This charging method is usually best for people who travel for a very long time; thus, charging the vehicle to a near-full state of charge is a priority. Level 2 charging will allow the vehicle recover nearly 100% chargewhich is fine if you drive more than 80 km with your EV daily.

As mentioned earlier, to use a Level 2 charger for your EV, should consult a professional electrician to help you through the installation process. Once the electrician has installed the level 2 charger and the required 240V outlet, you are ready to charge your vehicle.

Electric vs fuel picture

Daily use of a Level 2 charger can degrade the battery as it reaches a nearly full state of charge with each charge. Either way, your electric vehicle is a transportation tool at the end of the day, so don't be afraid to charge the battery as needed.

Level 3 EV Charging

Level 3 loading, also called DC fast charge, is the fastest way to charge your vehicle. As an example of how quickly you can recharge your battery using Level 3 charging, consider the Hyundai IONIQ 5. A Level 3 charger will recharge it from 10% to 80% in about 18 minutes. It's really amazing and perfect for long trips where you need to hit the road as quickly as possible.

Ultra-fast charging like this is only available with public chargers, you won't be able to install one in your home..

The potential downside of using a DC fast charger can be battery degradation over time, but people use them so infrequently that shouldn't be a problem. So if the need arises to use a fast DC charger, go ahead and charge without hesitation. DC fast chargers are becoming more and more frequentand with companies like Electrifying America it's up to You're here investing in robust nationwide charging networks, will continue to proliferate.

And if you want to charge your electric vehicle for free, many publicly available fast chargers are actually free. In fact, some EV manufacturers will even offer 2 years of free fast charging. One such manufacturer is Audi, which allows free charging on the VW-owned Electrify America network if you purchase a qualifying model.

Loading Tier 1 vs Tier 2 vs Tier 3: Which is better?

There is no clear answer to this question because the truth is that all these chargers are just tools. The right tool for one person may not be the right tool for another. It all depends on the use case of each EV owner. If you are a person who likes short trips and rarely exceeds 80 km of trip each day, you can perfectly use a level 1 charger.

On the other hand, if you are a user traveling more than 80 km in a given day, you will probably need to consult an electrician to have a Level 2 charger professionally installed in your home. If you are planning to buy an EV and you know that a level 1 charger will not suffice, the most practical would be to buy the level 2 charger and have it installed before going out and buying a new EV .

Finally, we have the Level 3 charger, and in this case you don't have to worry about home installations. As stated earlier, cannot install a level 3 charger in your homethese chargers are therefore simply publicly available options that will help you when you are on the go.

An EV charger for every occasion

The availability of different charging speeds means more choices for EV owners, and that's always a good thing. As more electric vehicles are sold, charging stations will continue to replace traditional stations as the primary method of charging your vehicle.

Theoretically, you can charge your vehicle at home every day, for the duration of the ownership. This is especially true if you install a Level 2 charger in your home.

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