The Department of Health confirmed this Thursday (23) three indigenous (locally transmitted) cases of monkeypox (monkeypox) in the state of Sao Paulo. There are three male patients, residents of the capital of São Paulo, aged 24 to 37, with no history of travel to countries with confirmed cases.
The cases are still under investigation to search for transmission links.
The patients are isolated, with a stable clinical condition, without complications and monitored by state and municipal health services.
Brazil has so far recorded 14 confirmed cases of monkeypox, ten of them in Sao Paulo, two in Rio Grande do Sul and two in Rio de Janeiro. Eleven are imported, with a history of travel to Europe, and three are native.
“The Ministry of Health, through the Situation Room and the National CIEVS, continues to liaise directly with the State of Sao Paulo for case tracking and contact tracing. The record advises immediate notification of suspected cases,” a note read.
Monkey pox: see 5 points on the disease
A SGD said monkeypox poses a “moderate risk” to global public health after cases were reported in countries where the disease is not endemic.
“The risk to public health could become elevated if this virus establishes itself as a human pathogen and spreads to groups more likely to be at risk of severe disease, such as young children and immunocompromised individuals,” the statement said. . SGD.
The organization says there is no recommendation to use a smallpox vaccine for cases of monkeypox.
Microscope image shows monkeypox virus — Photo: Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regner/CDC via AP
The first symptoms of monkeypox are usually fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills and exhaustion.
“After the incubation period [tempo entre a infecção e o início dos sintomas]the individual begins with a non-specific manifestation, with symptoms we see in other viruses: fever, malaise, fatigue, loss of appetite, prostration”, explains Giliane Trindade, virologist and researcher at the Department of Microbiology of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG).
Within 1-3 days (sometimes longer) after the onset of fever, the patient develops a rash, usually starting on the face and spreading to other parts of the body.
“What is an indicative differential: the development of lesions – lesions in the oral cavity and on the skin. They begin to manifest themselves first on the face and spread to the trunk, chest, palms, soles of the feet.“, adds Trindade, who is a consultant for the group created by Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation monitor cases of monkeypox.