Female alopecia: should I be worried about hair loss? morning newspaper

Androgenetic alopecia: “It is the most common type of hair loss, affecting millions of people in Brazil and around the world, commonly known as male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness. Androgenetic alopecia is hereditary,” he says.

Telogen effluvium: One of the most common causes of hair loss, this condition is usually triggered by stages of stress, childbirth, anxiety, depression, grief or some kind of illness – like the coronavirus. What is observed is a considerable type of hair loss, mainly when washing locks, combing or even in environments where the person circulates. The hair becomes thinner on the sides, as well as in the frontal region.

anagen effluvium: “Typically caused by cancer drugs, anagen effluvium leads to patchy hair loss and eventually complete hair loss (it usually regrows after treatment is finished),” Sandra explains.

Alopecia areata: It is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack the hair follicles, resulting in irregular hair loss. This condition can affect all ages and genders, and hair loss can start suddenly and without warning. It usually falls off in small patches, most commonly on the scalp, but it can affect other parts of the body.

Trichotillomania: “It’s dermatocompulsion, which is people pulling their hair out, and it results in loss on the scalp or elsewhere on the body. The hair usually regrows if the behavior is stopped, but hair loss can be permanent If the traction continues for many years,” says the doctor.

Traction alopecia: It is caused by hairstyles that pull the hair continuously and for a long time, and this excessive force pulls the strands out, which can damage the hair follicle.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia: “This condition is characterized by cicatricial alopecia, or permanent irreversible loss, and occurs in a band, usually at the anterior hairline,” he explains. “Over time, a person begins to feel that the forehead is getting bigger. About half of all people affected by frontal fibrosing alopecia also experience eyebrow loss.”

When to suspect alopecia? From the above paragraphs it is already possible to see that alopecia is a very common condition and it is not so difficult to notice it. The main thing is to observe the amount of hair that falls daily – there is a common average of 100 strands, but beyond that can already be considered cause for concern.

In summary, some of the main signs are: Hair loss faster, in greater quantity or in clumps; transparency in the bitemporal region (on the sides); appearance of a fine indentation in the frontal part (the forehead seems wider); thinner and more fragile threads; enlargement of the central division.

From there, only the evaluation of a dermatologist or a trichologist can define the best treatment, which can include microneedling associated with the injection of vitamins into the scalp, hair transplants, the use of topical medications, administration of supplements, oral medication and massage.

Should I treat alopecia for life? It depends on the type of alopecia. Cases such as telogen effluvium resolve on their own, i.e. hair regrows after excessive loss. “But the important thing is to know that the effectiveness of each treatment varies from person to person, knowing that a reversal of hair loss is possible or, at least, delaying it. To delay the process, it needs to be treated,” says the doctor. .

Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind that some types of alopecia are incurable. The possibilities, in these cases, are limited to controlling the condition and delaying its action – in addition to adopting good habits to keep the body (and mind!) healthy. Therefore, this condition works like a race against time – the sooner the patient starts treatment, the greater the chances of a response.

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