There is no health benefit to alternating traditional cigarettes with electronic cigarettes – Revista Galileu – Portal Notícias e Fatos

“It’s common for people to try to switch from traditional cigarettes to e-cigarettes and end up in limbo using both products,” says the researcher (Picture: Unsplash)

Risk of cardiovascular disease not lower in adults who smoke Electronic cigarettes in combination with the traditional cigarette, compared to the risk of adults who exclusively smoke traditional cigarettes. The conclusion is a research published in the scientific journal Circulation, of the American Heart Association.

According to the researchers, the result serves as a warning since many smokers end up looking for e-cigarettes in an attempt to reduce the smoking and opt for a route that seems safer to you. “It’s common for people to try to switch from traditional cigarettes to e-cigarettes and end up in limbo using both products,” says Andrew C. Stokes, lead author of the study and assistant professor in the Department of Global Health at university school. of Boston Public Health.

The researchers further observed that, compared to exclusive traditional smoking, exclusive e-cigarette use was associated with a 30-40% decrease in smoking-related events. cardiovascular illnesses. However, this decrease is only significant when the cardiovascular outcome includes conditions such as congenital heart disease or myocarditis, but not specifically for heart attack, heart failure or stroke.

It should also be noted that people who only used e-cigarettes and people who used both traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes were more Young than those who did not use any of the products: 62% of people who only used e-cigarettes and 54% of dual users were under the age of 35, compared to 51% of participants classified as non-users who did not smoke e-cigarettes. traditional cigarettes or did not use e-cigarettes. – cigarettes.

Finally, the group stresses that given the low number of self-reported results by e-cigarette users, more data is needed in this area to confirm this conclusion.

“As e-cigarette use is still relatively new, there is not yet strong long-term evidence to determine the potential risk of using these products over time, so we await more data from this. study and other ongoing studies It is important to remember that even with traditional cigarettes, it took decades of use and vigilance to provide the strength of evidence we now have confirming the very significant harms of cigarettes regular cigarettes,” explained Rose Marie Robertson, deputy chief of science and chief medical officer at the American Heart Association and co-director of the National Institutes of Health/Food and Drug Administration. “People need to be aware that e-cigarettes contain nicotine. addictive and toxic chemicals that can have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and overall health. “

How the research was carried out

To examine the relationship between cardiovascular disease and e-cigarette use, researchers looked at data from the so-called Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH), a study that provides information on the health and the use of electronic cigarettes. nicotine in the USA. The data collected was from 2013 to 2019. After adjusting for age, gender, and race/ethnicity, researchers analyzed the cases of more than 24,000 adults, 50% of whom were 35 years of age or younger and 51 % were women.

Participants classified as smokers had smoked more than 100 regular cigarettes in their lifetime and reported having smoked at any time during the data collection period. E-cigarette users were identified when they reported any type of product use during any data collection cycle. So the researchers separated their sample into four groups: 1) no current e-cigarette use or traditional smoking (which may include former smokers or former e-cigarette users); 2) exclusive use of electronic cigarettes; 3) exclusive use of traditional cigarettes; or 4) dual use of traditional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes.

The researchers also chose to define any self-reported diagnosis of heart attack or bypass surgery, heart failure, other heart disease, or stroke in the previous 12 months as a cardiovascular disease event. Self-reported cases of self-reported only heart attack, heart failure, or stroke were also assessed separately.

The examination revealed more than 1,480 cases of any cardiovascular disease and more than 500 cases of heart attack, heart failure or stroke.

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