A A healthy diet is of great importance when it comes to the prevention and treatment of fatty liver disease, a disease commonly referred to as fatty liver disease. It is a preventable and reversible condition in its early stages, largely through proper nutrition, accompanied by physical exercise and reduced or ideally no consumption of alcoholic beverages.
It is estimated that more than a third of the adult population in Portugal suffers from fatty liver disease, that is more than three million Portuguese. This disease consists of the accumulation of fat in the cells of the liver, resulting from its excess intake, so that the body cannot treat it. We speak of foie gras when the fat corresponds to between 5 and 10% of the mass of the liver. It can be a simple situation, which does not cause damage to the liver or, on the contrary, it can progress to inflammation of this organ and lead to impaired function and serious diseases, such as cirrhosis of the liver. liver or liver cancer.
It should be noted the direct relationship between this disease, type of diet, sedentary lifestyle, factors associated with excess weight. Prevention essentially consists of adopting a healthy diet, with less consumption of fats and carbohydrates, less processed and ultra-processed foods, greater consumption of vegetables and reduced or no consumption of alcoholic beverages. In addition, the regular practice of physical exercises also contributes greatly to prevention.
Although it is a silent disease, especially at first, in some cases it can cause fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, jaundice and ascites, that is- that is, distention of the abdomen due to fluid accumulation, at a more advanced stage of the disease. For this reason, it is very important for people to see their doctor regularly and get routine checkups.
In terms of treatment, diet plays a key role. There is no specific therapy or effective drug for the treatment of fatty liver disease, therefore a balanced diet, with a view to weight loss and the control of associated diseases, such as diabetes and changes in cholesterol and triglycerides. Only 7-10% body weight loss has a beneficial effect on steatosis and inflammation.
A healthy diet is essential to prevent and treat fatty liver disease. Eat well and take care of your liver.
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